What Happened During The Forty Days In The Hills - Six Great Decisions
136:4.1 Day by day, up in the hills, Jesus formulated the plans for the remainder of his Urantia bestowal. He first decided not to teach
contemporaneously with John. He planned to remain in comparative retirement until the work of John achieved its purpose, or until John was suddenly
stopped by imprisonment. Jesus well knew that John's fearless and tactless preaching would presently arouse the fears and enmity of the civil rulers.
In view of John's precarious situation, Jesus began definitely to plan his program of public labors in behalf of his people and the world, in behalf
of every inhabited world throughout his vast universe. Michael's mortal bestowal was on Urantia but for all worlds of Nebadon.
136:4.2 The first thing Jesus did, after thinking through the general plan of co-ordinating his program with John's movement, was to review in his
mind the instructions of Immanuel. Carefully he thought over the advice given him concerning his methods of labor, and that he was to leave no
permanent writing on the planet. Never again did Jesus write on anything except sand. On his next visit to Nazareth, much to the sorrow of his brother Joseph, Jesus
destroyed all of his writing that was preserved on the boards about the carpenter shop, and which hung upon the walls of the old home. And Jesus
pondered well over Immanuel's advice pertaining to his economic, social, and political attitude toward the world as he should find it.
136:4.3 Jesus did not fast during this forty days' isolation. The longest period he went without food was his first two days in the hills when he
was so engrossed with his thinking that he forgot all about eating. But on the third day he went in search of food. Neither was he tempted during this
time by any evil spirits or rebel personalities of station on this world or from any other world.
136:4.4 These forty days were the occasion of the final conference between the human and the divine minds, or rather the first real functioning of
these two minds as now made one. The results of this momentous season of meditation demonstrated conclusively that the divine mind has triumphantly
and spiritually dominated the human intellect. The mind of man has become the mind of God from this time on, and though the selfhood of the mind of
man is ever present, always does this spiritualized human mind say, "Not my will but yours be done."
136:4.5 The transactions of this eventful time were not the fantastic visions of a starved and weakened mind, neither were they the confused and
puerile symbolisms which afterward gained record as the "temptations of Jesus in the wilderness." Rather was this a season for thinking over the whole
eventful and varied career of the Urantia bestowal and for the careful laying of those plans for further ministry which would best serve this world
while also contributing something to the betterment of all other rebellion-isolated spheres. Jesus thought over the whole span of human life on
Urantia, from the days of Andon and Fonta, down through Adam's default, and on to the ministry of the Melchizedek of Salem.
136:4.6 Gabriel had reminded Jesus that
there were two ways in which he might manifest himself to the world in case he should choose to tarry on Urantia for a time. And it was made clear to
Jesus that his choice in this matter would have nothing to do with either his universe sovereignty or the termination of the Lucifer rebellion. These two ways of world ministry were:
1. His own way--the way that might seem most pleasant and profitable from the standpoint of the immediate needs of this world and the present
edification of his own universe.
2. The Father's way--the exemplification of a farseeing ideal of creature life visualized by the high personalities of the Paradise administration of the universe of universes.
136:4.7 It was thus made clear to Jesus that there were two ways in which he could order the remainder of his earth life. Each of these ways had
something to be said in its favor as it might be regarded in the light of the immediate situation. The Son of Man clearly saw that his choice between
these two modes of conduct would have nothing to do with his reception of universe sovereignty; that was a matter already settled and sealed on the
records of the universe of universes and only awaited his demand in person. But it was indicated to Jesus that it would afford his Paradise brother,
Immanuel, great satisfaction if he, Jesus, should see fit to finish up his earth career of incarnation as he had so nobly begun it, always subject to
the Father's will. On the third day of this isolation Jesus promised himself he would go back to the world to finish his earth career, and that in a
situation involving any two ways he would always choose the Father's will. And he lived out the remainder of his earth life always true to that
resolve. Even to the bitter end he invariably subordinated his sovereign will to that of his heavenly Father.
136:4.8 The forty days in the mountain wilderness were not a period of great temptation but rather the period of the Master's great decisions.
During these days of lone communion with himself and his Father's immediate presence--the Personalized Adjuster (he no longer had a personal seraphic
guardian)--he arrived, one by one, at the great decisions which were to control his policies and conduct for the remainder of his earth career.
Subsequently the tradition of a great temptation became attached to this period of isolation through confusion with the fragmentary narratives of the
Mount Hermon struggles, and further because it was the
custom to have all great prophets and human leaders begin their public careers by undergoing these supposed seasons of fasting and prayer. It had always been Jesus' practice, when facing any new or serious decisions, to
withdraw for communion with his own spirit that he might seek to know the will of God.
136:4.9 In all this planning for the remainder of his earth life, Jesus was always torn in his human heart by two opposing courses of conduct:
136:4.10 1. He entertained a strong desire to win his people--and the whole world--to believe in him and to accept his new spiritual kingdom. And
he well knew their ideas concerning the coming Messiah.
136:4.11 2. To live and work as he knew his Father would approve, to conduct his work in behalf of other worlds in need, and to continue, in the
establishment of the kingdom, to reveal the Father and show forth his divine character of love.
136:4.12 Throughout these eventful days Jesus lived in an ancient rock cavern, a shelter in the side of the hills near a village sometime called Beit Adis. He drank from the small spring which came
from the side of the hill near this rock shelter.
136:9.10 If the Son of Man had any doubts about his mission and its nature when he went up in the hills after his baptism, he had none when he came
back to his fellows following the forty days of isolation and decisions.
The First Great Decision
136:5.1 On the third day after beginning this conference with himself and his Personalized Adjuster, Jesus was presented with the
vision of the assembled celestial hosts of Nebadon sent by their commanders to wait upon the will of their beloved Sovereign. This mighty host
embraced twelve legions of seraphim and proportionate numbers of every order of universe intelligence. And the first great decision of Jesus'
isolation had to do with whether or not he would make use of these mighty personalities in connection with the ensuing program of his public work on
136:5.2 Jesus decided that he would not utilize a single personality of this vast
assemblage unless it should become evident that this was his Father's will. Notwithstanding this general decision, this vast host remained with him
throughout the balance of his earth life, always in readiness to obey the least _expression of their Sovereign's will. Although Jesus did not
constantly behold these attendant personalities with his human eyes, his associated Personalized Adjuster did constantly behold, and could communicate
with, all of them.
Thus by one great decision Jesus voluntarily deprived himself of all superhuman co-operation in all matters having to do with the remainder of his
mortal career unless the Father might independently choose to participate in some certain act or episode of the Son's earth labors.
The Second Great Decision
136:6.1 Having settled his policy concerning all personalities of all classes of his created intelligences, so far as this could be determined in
view of the inherent potential of his new status of divinity, Jesus now turned his thoughts toward himself. What would he, now the fully self-
conscious creator of all things and beings existent in this universe, do with these creator prerogatives in the recurring life situations which
would immediately confront him when he returned to Galilee to
resume his work among men? In fact, already, and right where he was in these lonely hills, had this problem forcibly presented itself in the matter of
obtaining food. By the third day of his solitary meditations the human body grew hungry. Should he go in quest of food as any ordinary man would, or
should he merely exercise his normal creative powers and produce suitable bodily nourishment ready at hand? And this great decision of the Master has
been portrayed to you as a temptation--as a challenge by supposed enemies that he "command that these stones become loaves of bread."
136:6.2 Jesus thus settled upon another and consistent policy for the remainder of his earth labors. As far as his personal necessities were
concerned, and in general even in his relations with other personalities, he now deliberately chose to pursue the path of normal earthly existence; he
definitely decided against a policy which would transcend, violate, or outrage his own established natural laws. But he could not promise himself, as
he had already been warned by his Personalized Adjuster, that these natural laws might not, in certain conceivable circumstances, be greatly
accelerated. In principle, Jesus decided that his lifework should be organized and prosecuted in accordance with natural law and in harmony with the
existing social organization. The Master thereby chose a program of living which was the equivalent of deciding against miracles and wonders. Again he
decided in favor of "the Father's will"; again he surrendered everything into the hands of his Paradise Father.
136:6.3 Jesus' human nature dictated that the first duty was self-preservation; that is the normal attitude of the natural man on the worlds of
time and space, and it is, therefore, a legitimate reaction of a Urantia mortal. But Jesus was not concerned merely with this world and its creatures;
he was living a life designed to instruct and inspire the manifold creatures of a far-flung universe.
136:6.4 Before his baptismal illumination he had lived in perfect submission to the will and guidance of his heavenly Father. He emphatically
decided to continue on in just such implicit mortal dependence on the Father's will. He purposed to follow the unnatural course--he decided not to
preservation. He chose to go on pursuing the policy of refusing to defend himself. He formulated his conclusions in the words of Scripture familiar to his human mind: "Man shall not live by
bread alone but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God." In reaching this conclusion in regard to the appetite of the physical nature as
expressed in hunger for food, the Son of Man made his final declaration concerning all other urges of the flesh and the natural impulses of human
136:6.5 His superhuman power he might possibly use for others, but for himself, never. And he pursued this policy consistently to the very end,
when it was jeeringly said of him: "He saved others; himself he cannot save"--because he would not.
136:6.6 The Jews were expecting a Messiah who would do even
greater wonders than Moses, who was reputed to have brought forth water from the rock in a desert place and to have fed their forefathers with manna
in the wilderness. Jesus knew the sort of Messiah his compatriots expected, and he had all the powers and prerogatives to measure up to their most
sanguine expectations, but he decided against such a magnificent program of power and glory. Jesus looked upon such a course of expected miracle
working as a harking back to the olden days of ignorant magic and the degraded practices of the savage medicine men. Possibly, for the salvation of his creatures, he might accelerate natural law, but to transcend his own laws,
either for the benefit of himself or the over awing of his fellow men, that he would not do. And the Master's decision was final.
136:6.7 Jesus sorrowed for his people; he fully understood how they had been led up to the expectation of the coming Messiah, the time when "the
earth will yield its fruits ten thousandfold, and on one vine there will be a thousand branches, and each branch will produce a thousand clusters, and
each cluster will produce a thousand grapes, and each grape will produce a gallon of wine." The Jews believed the Messiah would usher in an era of
miraculous plenty. The Hebrews had long been nurtured on
traditions of miracles and legends of wonders.
136:6.8 He was not a Messiah coming to multiply bread and wine. He came not to minister to temporal needs only; he came to reveal his Father in
heaven to his children on earth, while he sought to lead his earth children to join him in a sincere effort so to live as to do the will of the Father
136:6.9 In this decision Jesus of Nazareth portrayed to an onlooking universe the folly and sin of prostituting divine talents and God-given abilities for personal aggrandizement or for purely selfish gain and glorification.
That was the sin of Lucifer and Caligastia.
136:6.10 This great decision of Jesus portrays dramatically the truth that selfish satisfaction and sensuous gratification, alone and of
themselves, are not able to confer happiness upon evolving human beings. There are higher
values in mortal existence--intellectual mastery and spiritual achievement--which far transcend the necessary gratification of man's purely physical
appetites and urges. Man's natural endowment of talent and ability should be chiefly devoted to the development and ennoblement of his higher powers
of mind and spirit.
136:6.11 Jesus thus revealed to the creatures of his universe the technique of the new and better way, the higher moral values of living and the
deeper spiritual satisfactions of evolutionary human existence on the worlds of space.
The Third Great Decision
136:7.1 Having made his decisions regarding such matters as food and physical ministration to the needs of his material body, the care of the
health of himself and his associates, there remained yet other problems to solve. What would be his attitude when confronted by personal danger? He
decided to exercise normal watchcare over his human safety and to take reasonable precaution to prevent the untimely termination of his career in the
flesh but to refrain from all superhuman intervention when the crisis of his life in the flesh should come. As he was formulating this decision, Jesus
was seated under the shade of a tree on an overhanging ledge of rock with a precipice right there before him. He fully realized that he could cast
himself off the ledge and out into space, and that nothing could happen to harm him provided he would rescind his first great decision not to invoke
the interposition of his celestial intelligences in the prosecution of his lifework on Urantia, and provided he would abrogate his second decision
concerning his attitude toward self-preservation.
136:7.2 Jesus knew his fellow countrymen were expecting a Messiah who would be above natural law. Well had he been taught that Scripture: "There
shall no evil befall you, neither shall any plague come near your dwelling. For he shall give his angels charge over you, to keep you in all your
ways. They shall bear you up in their hands lest you dash your foot against a stone." Would this sort of presumption, this defiance of his Father's
laws of gravity, be justified in order to protect himself from possible harm or, perchance, to win the confidence of his mistaught and distracted
people? But such a course, however gratifying to the sign-seeking Jews, would be, not a revelation of his Father, but a questionable trifling with the established laws of the universe of universes.
136:7.3 Understanding all of this and knowing that the Master refused to work in defiance of his established laws of nature in so far as his personal conduct was concerned, you know of a certainty that he
never walked on the water nor did anything else which was an outrage to his material order of administering the world; always, of course, bearing in
mind that there had, as yet, been found no way whereby he could be wholly delivered from the lack of control over the element of time in connection
with those matters put under the jurisdiction of the Personalized Adjuster.
136:7.4 Throughout his entire earth life Jesus was consistently loyal to this decision. No matter whether the Pharisees taunted him for a sign, or the watchers at Calvary dared him to come down from the cross, he steadfastly
adhered to the decision of this hour on the hillside.
The Fourth Great Decision
136:8.1 The next great problem with which this God-man wrestled and which he presently decided in accordance with the will of the Father in heaven,
concerned the question as to whether or not any of his superhuman powers should be employed for the purpose of attracting the attention and winning
the adherence of his fellow men. Should he in any manner lend his universe powers to the gratification of the Jewish hankering for the spectacular and
the marvelous? He decided that he should not. He settled upon a policy of procedure which eliminated all such practices as the method of bringing his
mission to the notice of men. And he consistently lived up to this great decision. Even when he permitted the manifestation of numerous time-
shortening ministrations of mercy, he almost invariably admonished the recipients of his healing ministry to tell no man about the benefits they had
received. And always did he refuse the taunting challenge of his enemies to "show us a sign" in proof and demonstration of his divinity.
136:8.2 Jesus very wisely foresaw that the working of miracles and the execution of wonders would call forth only outward allegiance by overawing
the material mind; such performances would not reveal God nor save men. He refused to become a mere wonder-worker. He resolved to become occupied with
but a single task--the establishment of the kingdom of heaven.
136:8.3 Throughout all this momentous dialogue of Jesus' communing with himself, there was present the human element of questioning and near-
doubting, for Jesus was man as well as God. It was evident he would never be received by the Jews as the Messiah if he did not work wonders.
Besides, if he would consent to do just one unnatural thing, the human mind would know of a certainty that it was in subservience to a truly divine
mind. Would it be consistent with "the Father's will" for the divine mind to make this concession to the doubting nature of the human mind? Jesus
decided that it would not and cited the presence of the Personalized Adjuster as sufficient proof of divinity in partnership with humanity.
136:8.4 Jesus had traveled much; he recalled Rome, Alexandria, and Damascus. He knew the methods of the world--how people gained
their ends in politics and commerce by compromise and diplomacy. Would he utilize this knowledge in the furtherance of his mission on earth? He
likewise decided against all compromise with the wisdom of the world and the influence of riches in the establishment of the kingdom. He again chose
to depend exclusively on the Father's will.
136:8.5 Jesus was fully aware of the short cuts open to one of his powers. He knew many ways in which the attention of the nation, and the whole
world, could be immediately focused upon himself. Soon the Passover would be celebrated at Jerusalem; the city would be thronged with visitors. He could ascend the pinnacle of the temple and before the bewildered
multitude walk out on the air; that would be the kind of a Messiah they were looking for. But he would subsequently disappoint them since he had not
come to re-establish David's throne. And he knew the futility of the Caligastia method of trying to get ahead of the natural, slow, and sure way of
accomplishing the divine purpose. Again the Son of Man bowed obediently to the Father's way, the Father's will.
136:8.6 Jesus chose to establish the kingdom of heaven in the hearts of mankind by
natural, ordinary, difficult, and trying methods, just such procedures as his earth children must subsequently follow in their work of enlarging and
extending that heavenly kingdom. For well did the Son of Man know that it would be "through much tribulation that many of the children of all ages
would enter into the kingdom." Jesus was now passing through the great test of civilized man, to have power and steadfastly refuse to use it for
purely selfish or personal purposes.
The Fifth Great Decision
136:9.1 Having settled such questions of policy as pertained to his individual relations to natural law and spiritual power, he turned his
attention to the choice of methods to be employed in the proclamation and establishment of the kingdom of God. John had already begun this work; how
might he continue the message? How should he take over John's mission? How should he organize his followers for effective effort and intelligent co-
operation? Jesus was now reaching the final decision which would forbid that he further regard himself as the Jewish Messiah, at least as the Messiah
was popularly conceived in that day.
136:9.2 The Jews envisaged a deliverer who would come in miraculous power to cast down Israel's enemies and establish the
Jews as world rulers, free from want and oppression. Jesus knew that this hope would never be realized. He knew that the kingdom of heaven had to do with the overthrow of evil in the hearts of men, and that it was
purely a matter of spiritual concern. He thought out the advisability of inaugurating the spiritual kingdom with a brilliant and dazzling display of
power--and such a course would have been permissible and wholly within the jurisdiction of Michael--but he fully decided against such a plan. He would
not compromise with the revolutionary techniques of Caligastia. He had won the world in
potential by submission to the Father's will, and he proposed to finish his work as he had begun it, and as the Son of Man.
136:9.3 You can hardly imagine what would have happened on Urantia had this God-man, now in potential possession of all power in heaven and on
earth, once decided to unfurl the banner of sovereignty, to marshal his wonder-working battalions in militant array! But he would not compromise. He
would not serve evil that the worship of God might presumably be derived therefrom. He would abide by the Father's will. He would proclaim to an
onlooking universe, "You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve."
136:9.4 As the days passed, with ever-increasing clearness Jesus perceived what kind of a truth-revealer he was to become. He discerned that God's
way was not going to be the easy way. He began to realize that the cup of the remainder of his human experience might possibly be bitter, but he
decided to drink it.
136:9.5 Even his human mind is saying good-bye to the throne of David. Step by step this human mind follows in the path of the divine. The human
mind still asks questions but unfailingly accepts the divine answers as final rulings in this combined life of living as a man in the world while all
the time submitting unqualifiedly to the doing of the Father's eternal and divine will.
136:9.6 Rome was mistress of the Western world. The Son of Man, now in isolation and achieving these momentous decisions, with the hosts of heaven
at his command, represented the last chance of the Jews to attain world dominion; but this earthborn Jew, who possessed such tremendous wisdom and
power, declined to use his universe endowments either for the aggrandizement of himself or for the enthronement of his people. He saw, as it were,
"the kingdoms of this world," and he possessed the power to take them. The Most Highs of Edentia had resigned all these powers into his hands, but he
did not want them. The kingdoms of earth were paltry things to interest the Creator and Ruler of a universe. He had only one objective, the further revelation of God to man, the establishment of the kingdom, the rule of the heavenly Father
in the hearts of mankind.
136:9.7 The idea of battle, contention, and slaughter was repugnant to Jesus; he would have none of it. He would appear on earth as the Prince of
Peace to reveal a God of love. Before his baptism he had again refused the offer of the
Zealots to lead them in rebellion against the Roman
oppressors. And now he made his final decision regarding those Scriptures which his mother
had taught him, such as: "The Lord has said to me, `You are my Son; this day have I begotten you. Ask of me, and I will give you the heathen for your
inheritance and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession. You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a
136:9.8 Jesus of Nazareth reached the conclusion that such utterances did not refer to him. At last, and finally, the human mind of the Son of Man
made a clean sweep of all these Messianic difficulties and contradictions-- Hebrew scriptures, parental training, chazan teaching, Jewish expectations, and human ambitious longings; once and for all he
decided upon his course. He would return to Galilee and
quietly begin the proclamation of the kingdom and trust his Father (the Personalized Adjuster) to work out the details of procedure day by day.
136:9.9 By these decisions Jesus set a worthy example for every person on every world throughout a vast universe when he refused to apply material
tests to prove spiritual problems, when he refused presumptuously to defy natural laws. And he set an inspiring example of universe loyalty and moral nobility when he refused to grasp temporal power as the prelude to
The Sixth And Final Decision
136:10.1 On the last day of this memorable isolation, before starting down the mountain to join John and his disciples, the Son of Man made his
final decision. And this decision he communicated to the Personalized Adjuster in these words, "And in all other matters, as in
these now of decision-record, I pledge you I will be subject to the will of my Father." And when he had thus spoken, he journeyed down the
mountain. And his face shone with the glory of spiritual victory and moral achievement.
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