153:1.1 A distinguished congregation greeted Jesus at three
o'clock on this exquisite Sabbath afternoon in the new Capernaum synagogue. Jairus
presided and handed Jesus the
Scriptures to read. The day before, fifty-three
had arrived from
more than thirty of the leaders and rulers of the neighboring synagogues were also present. These
religious leaders were acting directly under orders from the
at Jerusalem, and they constituted the orthodox vanguard which had come to inaugurate open warfare on Jesus and his disciples. Sitting by the side of
these Jewish leaders, in the synagogue seats of honor, were the official observers of Herod Antipas, who had been directed to ascertain the truth
concerning the disturbing reports that an attempt had been made by the populace to proclaim Jesus the
king of the Jews,
over in the domains of his brother Philip.
153:1.2 Jesus comprehended that he faced the immediate
declaration of avowed and open warfare by his increasing enemies, and he elected boldly to assume the offensive. At the feeding of the five thousand
he had challenged their ideas of the material
now he chose again openly to attack their concept of the Jewish deliverer. This crisis, which began with the feeding of the five thousand, and which
terminated with this Sabbath afternoon sermon, was the outward turning of the tide of popular fame and acclaim. Henceforth, the work of the kingdom
was to be increasingly concerned with the more important task of winning lasting spiritual converts for the truly religious brotherhood of mankind. This sermon marks the crisis in the transition from the period of
discussion, controversy, and decision to that of open warfare and final acceptance or final rejection.
153:1.4 This crisis in Jesus' earth life began with the
feeding of the five thousand and ended with this sermon in the synagogue; the crisis in the lives of the apostles began with this sermon in the synagogue and continued for a whole year, ending only with the Master's trial and crucifixion.
153:1.5 As they sat there in the synagogue that
afternoon before Jesus began to speak, there was just one great mystery, just one supreme question, in the minds of all. Both his friends and his foes
pondered just one thought, and that was: "Why did he himself so deliberately and effectively turn back the tide of popular enthusiasm?" And it was
immediately before and immediately after this sermon that the doubts and disappointments of
his disgruntled adherents grew into unconscious opposition and eventually turned into actual hatred. It was after this sermon in the synagogue that
Judas Iscariot entertained his first conscious thought of deserting. But he did, for the
time being, effectively master all such inclinations.
153:1.6 Everyone was in a state of perplexity. Jesus had
left them dumfounded and confounded. He had recently engaged in the greatest demonstration of supernatural power to characterize his whole career. The
feeding of the five thousand was the one event of his earth life which made the greatest appeal to the Jewish concept of the expected Messiah. But
this extraordinary advantage was immediately and unexplainedly offset by his prompt and unequivocal refusal to be made king.
153:1.7 On Friday evening, and again on Sabbath morning,
the Jerusalem leaders had labored long and earnestly with Jairus to prevent Jesus' speaking in the synagogue, but it was of no avail. Jairus's only
reply to all this pleading was: "I have granted this request, and I will not violate my word."
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