188:0.2 The rulers of the Jews had planned to have Jesus' body thrown in the open burial pits
of Gehenna, south of the city; it was the custom thus to
dispose of the victims of crucifixion. If this plan had been followed, the body of the Master would have been exposed to the wild beasts.
188:0.3 In the meantime, Joseph of Arimathea, accompanied by
Nicodemus, had gone to Pilate and asked that the body of Jesus be turned over to them for proper burial. It was not uncommon for friends of crucified
persons to offer bribes to the Roman authorities for the privilege of gaining possession of such bodies. Joseph went before Pilate with a large sum of
money, in case it became necessary to pay for permission to remove Jesus' body to a private burial tomb. But Pilate would not take money for this.
When he heard the request, he quickly signed the order which authorized Joseph to proceed to Golgotha and take immediate and full possession of the Master's body. In the meantime, the sandstorm having
considerably abated, a group of Jews representing the Sanhedrin had gone out to Golgotha for the purpose of making sure that Jesus' body accompanied those of the brigands to the
open public burial pits.
188:1.1 When Joseph and Nicodemus arrived at Golgotha, they found the soldiers taking
Jesus down from the cross and the representatives of the Sanhedrin standing by to see that none of Jesus' followers prevented his body from going to
the criminal burial pits. When Joseph presented Pilate's order for the Master's body to the centurion, the Jews raised a tumult and clamored for its possession. In their raving they sought violently to
take possession of the body, and when they did this, the centurion ordered four of his soldiers to his side, and with drawn swords they stood astride
the Master's body as it lay there on the ground. The centurion ordered the other soldiers to leave the two thieves while they drove back this angry
mob of infuriated Jews. When order had been restored, the centurion read the permit from Pilate to the Jews and, stepping aside, said to Joseph: "This
body is yours to do with as you see fit. I and my soldiers will stand by to see that no man interferes."
188:1.2 A crucified person could not be buried in a Jewish
cemetery; there was a strict law against such a procedure. Joseph and Nicodemus knew this law, and on the way out to Golgotha they had decided to bury
Jesus in Joseph's new family tomb, hewn out of solid rock, located a short distance north of Golgotha and across the road leading to Samaria. No one
had ever lain in this tomb, and they thought it appropriate that the Master should rest there. Joseph really believed that Jesus would rise from the
dead, but Nicodemus was very doubtful. These former members of the Sanhedrin had kept their faith in Jesus more or less of a secret, although their
fellow Sanhedrists had long suspected them, even before they withdrew from the council. From now on they were the most outspoken disciples of Jesus in
188:1.3 At about half past four o'clock the burial procession of Jesus
of Nazareth started from Golgotha for Joseph's tomb across the
way. The body was wrapped in a linen sheet as the four men carried it, followed by the faithful women watchers from Galilee. The mortals who bore the material body of Jesus to the
tomb were: Joseph, Nicodemus, John, and the Roman centurion.
188:1.4 They carried the body into the tomb, a chamber about ten
feet square, where they hurriedly prepared it for burial. The Jews did not really bury their dead; they actually embalmed them. Joseph and Nicodemus
had brought with them large quantities of myrrh and aloes, and they now wrapped the body with bandages saturated with these solutions. When the
embalming was completed, they tied a napkin about the face, wrapped the body in a linen sheet, and reverently placed it on a shelf in the tomb.
188:1.5 After placing the body in the tomb, the centurion
signaled for his soldiers to help roll the doorstone up before the entrance to the tomb. The soldiers then departed for Gehenna with the bodies of the thieves while the others returned
to Jerusalem, in sorrow, to observe the Passover feast
according to the laws of Moses.
188:1.6 There was considerable hurry and
haste about the burial of Jesus because this was preparation day and the Sabbath was drawing on apace. The men hurried back to the city, but the women
lingered near the tomb until it was very dark.
188:1.7 While all this was going on, the
women were hiding near at hand so that they saw it all and observed where the Master had been laid. They thus secreted themselves because it was not
permissible for women to associate with men at such a time. These women did not think Jesus had been properly prepared for burial, and they agreed
among themselves to go back to the home of Joseph, rest over the Sabbath, make ready spices and ointments, and return on Sunday morning properly to
prepare the Master's body for the death rest. The women who thus tarried by the tomb on this Friday evening were: Mary Magdalene, Mary the wife of Clopas, Martha another sister of Jesus' mother, and Rebecca
188:1.8 Aside from David Zebedee and Joseph of Arimathea, very
few of Jesus' disciples really believed or understood that he was due to arise from the tomb on the third day.
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