179:3.1 After drinking the first cup of the Passover, it was the Jewish custom
for the host to arise from the table and wash his hands. Later on in the meal and after the second cup, all of the guests likewise rose up and washed
their hands. Since the apostles knew that their Master never observed these rites of
ceremonial hand washing, they were very curious to know what he intended to do when, after they had partaken of this first cup, he arose from the
table and silently made his way over to near the door, where the water pitchers, basins, and towels had been placed. And their curiosity grew into
astonishment as they saw the Master remove his outer garment, gird himself with a towel, and begin to pour water into one of the foot basins. Imagine
the amazement of these twelve men, who had so recently refused to wash one another's feet, and who had engaged in such unseemly disputes about
positions of honor at the table, when they saw him make his way around the unoccupied end of the table to the lowest seat of the feast, where Simon Peter reclined, and, kneeling down in the attitude of a servant, make ready to wash
Simon's feet. As the Master knelt, all twelve arose as one man to their feet; even the traitorous Judas so far forgot his infamy for a moment as to
arise with his fellow apostles in this expression of surprise, respect, and utter amazement.
179:3.2 There stood Simon Peter, looking down into
the upturned face of his Master. Jesus said nothing; it was not necessary that he should speak. His attitude plainly revealed that he was minded to
wash Simon Peter's feet. Notwithstanding his frailties of the flesh, Peter loved the Master. This Galilean fisherman was the first human being
wholeheartedly to believe in the divinity of Jesus and to make full and public confession of that belief. And Peter had never since really
doubted the divine nature of the Master. Since Peter so revered and honored Jesus in his heart, it was not strange that his soul resented the thought of Jesus' kneeling there before him in the attitude of a menial
servant and proposing to wash his feet as would a slave. When Peter presently collected his wits sufficiently to address the Master, he spoke the
heart feelings of all his fellow apostles.
179:3.3 After a few moments of this great embarrassment, Peter said, "Master, do you really mean to wash my
feet?" And then, looking up into Peter's face, Jesus said: "You may not fully understand what I am about to do, but hereafter
you will know the meaning of all these things." Then Simon Peter, drawing a long
breath, said, "Master, you shall never wash my feet!" And each of the apostles nodded
their approval of Peter's firm declaration of refusal to allow Jesus thus to humble himself before them.
179:3.4 The dramatic appeal of this unusual scene at first touched the heart of even Judas Iscariot; but when his vainglorious intellect passed judgment upon the spectacle, he
concluded that this gesture of humility was just one more episode which conclusively proved that Jesus would never qualify as Israel's deliverer, and that he had
made no mistake in the decision to desert the Master's cause.
179:3.5 As they all stood there in breathless amazement, Jesus said: "Peter, I declare
that, if I do not wash your feet, you will have no part with me in that which I am about to perform." When Peter heard this declaration,
coupled with the fact that Jesus continued kneeling there at his feet, he made one of those decisions of blind acquiescence in compliance with the
wish of one whom he respected and loved. As it began to dawn on Simon Peter that there was
attached to this proposed enactment of service some signification that determined one's future connection with the Master's work, he not only became
reconciled to the thought of allowing Jesus to wash his feet but, in his characteristic and impetuous manner, said: "Then, Master, wash not my feet
only but also my hands and my head."
179:3.6 As the Master made ready to begin washing Peter's feet, he said: "He who is already
clean needs only to have his feet washed. You who sit with me tonight are clean—but not all. But the dust of your feet should have been washed away
before you sat down at meat with me. And besides, I would perform this service for you as a parable to illustrate the meaning of a new commandment
which I will presently give you."
179:3.7 In like manner the Master went around the table, in silence, washing the feet of his twelve apostles, not even passing by Judas. When Jesus had finished washing the feet of the twelve,
he donned his cloak, returned to his place as host, and after looking over his bewildered apostles, said:
179:3.8 "Do you really understand what I have done to you? You call me Master, and you say
well, for so I am. If, then, the Master has washed your feet, why was it that you were unwilling to wash one another's feet? What lesson should you
learn from this parable in which the Master so willingly does that service which his brethren were unwilling to do for one another? Verily, verily, I
say to you: A servant is not greater than his master; neither is one who is sent greater than he who sends him. You have seen the way of service in my
life among you, and blessed are you who will have the gracious courage so to serve. But why are you so slow to learn that the secret of greatness in
the spiritual kingdom is not like the methods of power in the material world?
179:3.9 "When I came into this chamber tonight, you were not content proudly to refuse to
wash one another's feet, but you must also fall to disputing among yourselves as to who should have the places of honor at my table. Such honors the
Pharisees and the children of this world seek, but it should
not be so among the ambassadors of the heavenly kingdom. Do you not know that there can be no place of preferment at my table? Do you not understand
that I love each of you as I do the others? Do you not know that the place nearest me, as men regard such honors, can mean nothing concerning your
standing in the kingdom of heaven? You know that the kings of the gentiles have lordship
over their subjects, while those who exercise this authority are sometimes called benefactors. But it shall not be so in the kingdom of heaven. He who
would be great among you, let him become as the younger; while he who would be chief, let him become as one who serves. Who is the greater, he who
sits at meat, or he who serves? Is it not commonly regarded that he who sits at meat is the greater? But you will observe that I am among you as one
who serves. If you are willing to become fellow servants with me in doing the Father's will, in the kingdom to come you shall sit with me in power,
still doing the Father's will in future glory."
179:3.10 When Jesus had finished speaking, the Alpheus
twins brought on the bread and wine, with the bitter herbs and the paste of dried fruits, for the next course of the Last Supper.
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